WILLIAM GAUSE By C. B. Berry
The Gause family resided in the Little River area long before the Revolutionary War. The origin of this family has not been traced in this study but the name is German and at least one report says they were French Huguenots.
William Gause, Senior, of Prince George Parish, South Carolina, was one of the earliest settlers in what is now coastal Horry County after the state became a royal province in 1729. There is some evidence to indicate that William Gause, Sr., might have come from Virginia to North Carolina, for in 1734, a William Gause purchased lands in Edgecombe County from John Bryan. Other records show that John Bryan and William Gause were of Bertie Precinct, North Carolina. Bertie Precinct adjoined the Virginia line some thirty miles southwe.st of the present day Norfolk, and Edgecombe County was just across the Roanoke River from Bertie Precinct. William Gause, Sr., sold these lands in
1735 and 1736, and evidently came from there to the Little River, South Carolina, area, where he settled.1
He was the father of the Gause families found in the Shallotte and Lockwood's Folly areas of Brunswick County, North Carolina, after 1760. Most of the Gause families had left the Little River area by 1790 because the census for that year shows no Gause fami- lies for All Saints Parish. There were several families listed for Brunswick County, North Carolina, as follows:
HEAD OF FAMILY FREE WHITE MALES
16+, Incl. H.F. UNDER 16 FEMALES SLAVES 2 1 Charles Gause 1 Bryant (Bryan) Gause
William Gause Benjamin Gause
3 3 37 2 1 0 4 1 1 Susanna Gause 1
3 4 15 18 5
4 3 1
1 Needham Gause 2 John Gause
2 19 7 1
William Gause, Sr., obtained grants to at least four hundred acres of land in 1737 in what is now the Windy Hill Beach area2 where he made his home as an innke~per. A salt water inlet now known as ."White Point Swash" was formerly known as "Gause's Inlet or Gause's Swash" within the memory of some elderly persons living as this was written.
An interesting deed to Ann Bryan and her children, dated in 1740, shows William Gause to be an innkeeper in the Long Bay area, but the deed also raises a question for family students as to the relationship of Ann Bryan who is referred to as a "spinster" who at the time had three children with first names exactly the same as three of the children of William Gause, Sr. Some have speculated that Ann Bryan was marrying William Gause; others that she was his daughter. The deed is as follows:3
South Carolina, SS To·all to whome these presents shall come, I william Gaus of Long Bay of the parish of Prince George and the province aforesaid, Inn- keeper, sendeth greeting: Know ye that I the said William Gaus for and of the· sum of five shillings current money of this province to me in hand paid at and before the ensealing and delivery by Anti Bryan of the said province aforesaid, spinster, the receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge and thereof and therefrom and of and from every part and parcel thereof doth forever acquit, release, exonerate a.nd dis- charge the said Arm Bryan; her heirs, executors, administrators and assigns and every of them, hath given, granted bargained and sold, aliened, remised, released, en- feofed and confirmed and by these presents doth give, grant, bargain and sell, alien, remise, release, enfeoff and confirm unto the said Ann Bryan her heirs and assigns forever, one negro wench called Rose with her two children called Peg and Jenny, them and their issue with twenty breeding cows and their increase some of which is branded with an N and some with an I thus and marked with a flap and a slit on the left ear and a crop and a nick on the right ear and hath their dew lap out (which said cattle are now in the care of one Jones a.s Cowpen Keeper who is to re- ceive as his share. the fifth calf each year whilst in his care) and three breeding mares and their increase, one of which is branded with an N and one with an I and one with a W thus, with three feather beds of goose feathers with quilts, blankets, sheets, pillows and bolsters and the reversion and reversions, remainder and re- mainders rents, issues, services and profits of the said negroes, cowes and calves, mares and colts and feather beds and furniture heretofore mentioned and all the estate right title interest use trust, possession, property claim and demand what- soever of him the said William Gaus of to and out of the said negroes, cowes~ and calves, mares and colts and feather beds and furniture heretofore mentioned and all the estate right title interest use, trust possession pro0perty claim and demand whatsoever of him the said William Gaus to have and to hold the said negro wench Rose and Pegg and Jenny and their issue and the twenty cowes and calves and their encrease and the three mares.and colts and their encrease; also and the three feather beds and furniture above mentioned, to her the said Ann Bryan her heirs and assigns but to and for the use, benefit and behoof of Needham Bryan, John Bryan and William Bryan by an equal dividend that to each one alike out of the above named negroes and cattle and mares and beds and the said William Gause and his heirs the said negroes, cattle and mares and beds to the said Ann Bryan and her heirs shall and will warrant and forever defend by these presents. In witness whereof the said William
Gaus hath hereunto set his hand and seal this twenty seventh day of August in the year of our Lord 1740. William M Gause (Seal)
Signed, Sealed and Delivered in the presence of Thomas Blythe and Simon Stead.
Craven County, Personally came and appeared before me this day Thomas Blythe one of the witnesses to the within testament of writing who being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist, declares that he did see William Goss sign, seal and as his act and deed deliver the said instrument of writing for the use therein mentioned and that he did also see Simon Stead sign the sa.me as witness therto.
1744. Sworn before me this 2 March 1743. William Whiteside. Recorded 4th. Jany.
Some years later, William Gause purchased a plantation at Star Bluff on the Wacca- maw River from Nathan Fr.ink, including his livestock, plantation tools and household furnishings, including 400 acres of land.4 However, there is no information to indicate that he ever moved there. Later, some of his descendants did settle nearby in the Red Bluff area and further inland where a Gause settlement and an old Gause cemetery is to be found today.
William Gause, Sr., had at least five children by a wife whose name has not been determined for this record:
1 a John Gause, Sr. 2 b Needham Gause 3 c Benjamin Gause 4 d Charles Gause 5 e William Gause, Jr.
f Bryan Gause (no further data) =====================
1. proved Gause, Sr., Revolutionary War Patriot, dated his will June 12, 1783, and John Sept. 16, 1783. He married Susannah FrinkS and had six children:
it was 6
Benjamin Gause, Sr. Charles Gause, Jr. Ch.arlotte Gause John Julius Gause Needham Gause Elizabeth Gause