Governor Robert Daniell
Added by eljohnso on 8 Aug 2007

    The Daniells (originally D'Anvers or Danyers) are of English descent. Their genealogy is directly traceable to the Knights of the Norman conquest. The Honorable Robert Daniell departed England in 1669 (via Barbados and Bermuda) bound for Port Royal Island, SC. Hos voyage ended at the mouth of the Kiaway River in late 1669. Here was estabalished the settlement of Old Charles Town where he became the Colonial Governor of South and North Carolina. Prior to leaving England, he was issued a Landgrave which entitled him to 48,000 acres of land, making him one of the largest landowners in the Carolinas. Daniell involved himself in shipping and political affairs until the success of the settlement aroused the jealousy of the Spaniards in Florida. In 1702, Daniell (who let naval forces) and Governor Moore (who led land forces) attacked Florida. Daniell took the Spanish Settlements of St. John and St Marys in route to St Augustine.

    Throughout his career in the Carolinas, he was a staunch Royalist, serving in the Eighth Assembly, Eleventh Assembly, and the Fourteenth Assembly. He was a judge, Chief Justice, Tax commissioner, a Captain, Major, and Colonel in the Militia. In his capacity as Governor of South and North Carolina, he held the ranks of Lt General and Vice Admiral. He died on his plantation, Daniell's Island, SC, between 5/1 and 5/18/1717. His remains were later removed to St Phillips Churchyard, Charles Town, South Carolina.

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Robert Daniell, 18th Proprietary Governor of South Carolina
Added by dtboyd on 13 Feb 2007

Hon. Robert Daniell I - came to US by way of Barbados, served as Territory Governor (a propietary governor appointed by Cravens) in 1716 and served both South and North Carolina. He was born 1642 in England and died 1 May 1718 at plantation on Daniell's Island near Charleston, South Carolina It has been difficult to carry the name Daniell spelled correctly with the two L's. Even clerks recording official documents, and linotype operators, often use only one L where the document or copy shows the two L's. Many members of the family have just given up and use one L. But official documents from England, original documents, including his will, signed by the Old Governor Robert of Charleston, and wills of John (1707) and of William (1743-1840) and others are written Daniell. This difference in name in mentioned on page 297 in the book, "Eminent Georgians", published 1937. SEE ALSO "Narratives of Early Carolina 1650-1708" Oldmixon's British Empire, page 343"

They both set out in August, 1702. Col. Daniel [sic] in his Way took St. John's, a small Spanish Settlement; as also St. Mary's, another little Village, belonging to the Spaniards. After which he proceeded to Augustino, came before the Town, enter'd and took it; Col. Moor not being yet arriv'd with the Fleet."

The Daniells (originally D'Anvers or Danyers) are of English descent. The Honorable Robert Daniell was a descendant of Thomas Daniell, born in 1438. Their genealogy is directly traceable to the Knights of the Norman conquest. The Honorable Robert Daniell departed England in 1669, (via Barbados and Bermuda) bound for Port Royal Island, South Carolina.

His voyage ended at the mouth of the Kiaway River in late 1669.

Robert Daniell: "Occupation Landgrave*, Liet. General; Deputy Gov. of North Carolina, 1704-05. Remarks Member Gen. Assembly NC, 1708 & of SC, 1718. Research Lt. Gen. 1704, Wars W/Indians & Spaniards, Vice Admiral. Robert Daniell sailed on the ship, "Mary," for the Carolinas in April 1679.

His first wife, Dorothy Chamberlain, was still living when he left for America.

Robert brought to Charleston/Charles Towne, his housekeeper and servant Mary Cooper, and his son, Robert Daniell, Jr.

Colonel Robert Daniell was an Indian Fighter with a reputation for bravery and competence in his actions against the Indians and Spanish at Saint Augustine. Following the death of the Deputy Governor of Carolina in 1704, Governor Nathaniel Johnson at Charles Towne sent Daniell to govern Albemarle Colony, in North Carolina".

*Landgrave (Dutch landgraaf, German Landgraf; French landgrave; Latin comes magnus, comes patriae, comes provinciae, comes terrae, comes principalis, lantgravius) was a title (mostly) used in the Holy Roman Empire and later on by its former territories, comparable to a count, who had feudal duty directly to the Holy Roman Emperor. His jurisdiction stretched over a sometimes quite considerable territory, which was not subservient to an intermediate power like a Duke, a Bishop or Count Palatine. The title survived from the times of the Holy Roman Empire (first records in Lower Lotharingia from 1086 on). A landgrave usually exercised sovereign rights. His decision-making power was comparable to that of a Duke. Landgrave occasionally continued in use as the subsidiary title of such nobility as the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar, who functioned as the Landgrave of Thuringia in the first decade of the 20th century; but the title fell into disuse after World War I. The jurisdiction of a landgrave was (or would be) a landgraviate (the area over which he had power) and the wife of a landgrave was a landgravine (feminine of landgrave). Examples: Landgrave of Thuringia, Landgrave of Hesse, Princely (Gefürsteter) Landgrave of Leuchtenberg (around a Bavarian castle; later made a duchy). Landgraviate refers to the rank, office, or territory held by a landgrave. (eg. Landgrave: The Honorable Robert Daniell, was a Landgrave of the landgraviate known as Caralina [included Barbados]. He was so appointed by Governor Charles Craven as the 18th Governor in the Proprietary Period. He had the title of Landgraviate and his wife was the Landgravine." *Note: this example given as Black's Law Dictionary no longer carries the explanation nor any example of a Landgrave.

A "patent" for land is given when the land has not been previously owned by any person. In EARLY HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA [available on microfilm], "1698, Apl. 11. Copy of a Langrave's Patent - six whereof were engrossed and sent (Blanks) to Carolina with Eight Patents for Cassiques by Major Daniel[l]." Source: Rivers, William James. EARLY HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA. In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of South Carolina: McCarter & Co., page 325.

Robert Daniell, Esq. had two marriages 1st marriage to Dorothy Chamberlayne b. 1654 d. 16 OCT 1711; they had one child, Robert Daniell II. Robert Daniell II b. 1678 in Charles Town, South Carolina, USA had 2 children: Robert Daniell III and Marmaduke "Duke" Daniell. THIS UNION IS NOT MY LINE. So I don't know very much about it...but have traced a little. This line is really extremely interesting as they are involved with the Cherokee Nation. A child, Moses Daniell, was a "conductor" for the Cherokee Nation during the trail of tears. FYI: There is a Moses Daniell in the 2nd marriage which IS my line. Robert Daniell, Esq. had a second marriage to Martha Wainwright b. 1684 d. 5 NOV 1742 in Charles Town, South Carolina, USA. and they had FOUR CHILDREN: Sarah Daniell, Martha Daniell, John Daniell (is an Early Pee Dee Settler SEE "Early Pee Dee Settlers by John M. Gregg, Part I, Heritage Books, Inc.), and Ann Daniell. My line goes on from John Daniell who marries Sarah Raven and they have 7 children, including: William Daniell, Sr. (marries Mary "Polly" Melton) and they have 14 children. OF COURSE this is not William Daniell's first marriage. His FIRST MARRIAGE is to Rachel Greenbury Howe and THEY have 11 children.....this is NOT MY LINE. SEE ALSO: Biographies of the Governors of South Carolina and Colonial Soldiers. William Daniell was the 18th Proprietary Governor of South Carolina having been appointed by Charles Craven.