Sherman genealogy in the direct line from Thomas Sherman, I (1443-1493) through Rev. John Sherman, VII (1613-1685) to John Sherman, XII (1796-1869) and all his descendants: also all children of the direct line who came to or were born in New England, and many of their descendants; also mention ...
Author: Charles Pomeroy Sherman
Publisher Brooks: 1922
Original from the University of Wisconsin – Madison,  Digitized Nov 29, 2007
Length 68 pages
found on Googlebooks  Sherman Genealogy
In the Direct Line
From Thomas Sherman, I
Through Rev. John Sherman, VII
To John Sherman, XII (1796-1869)
All His Descendants:
All Children Of The Direct Line
Who Came To Or Were Born In
New England, And Many Of Their
Mention of Other Sherman Lines
Charles Pomeroy Sherman
Brooks & Idler
p. 3FOREWORD THE SHERMAN TRADE AND NAME
In olden times the shearman sheared the long nap from the new-made woolen cloth (made from the wool sheared from the sheep by the shearer) and the name of his trade became the surname of the man.
In common speech, shearman was often clipped to sherman.
Therefore the surname was sometimes spelled Shearman, and sometimes Sherman, among our ancestors. I have adhered to Sherman, to avoid confusion.
The shearman, by industry, rose to be a cloth-maker; then, with greater capital, to be a cloth manufacturer—in old times called a clothier.
As to the trade and name, the Century Dictionary says: "shearman; plural shearmen [Formerly also sheerman, sherman: From old English scherman, scharman: From shear plus man: Hence the name Shearman, Sherman.] One whose occupation it is to shear cloth."
Henry Sherman, in his will dated 1590 (p. 14) bequeathed to his son his "shearman's crafte"; and Edmund Sherman, in his will dated 1599 (p. 15) bequeathed to his son his ''sherman's occupation."
p. 4 - Forward THE LOCALITY OF ORIGIN
Dedham is a village and parish in the Hundred of Lexden, in the Northern part of Essex County, England, near the river Stour. It took its name from Robert de Dedham, who held land there, and who died in 1288. Says Morant, in his "History of Essex" (1768), "This was antiently a famous cloathing Town even as early as King Richard the Second's reign (1377-1399), and the Bay (baize) trade extended into it afterwards. * * * Michael de la Pole, Earle of Suffolk, had here a Fulling Mill about the year 1382." Fleming weavers, fleeing into England to escape religious persecution, established here Bay (baize) and Say (serge) weaving. (When I visited Dedham on August 10, 1904, the buildings occupied by them were still standing.—C. P. S.)
Yaxley is a village and parish in the Hundred of Hartesmere, in the Northern part of Suffolk County, England.
Diss is in the Hundred of Diss, in the Southern part of Norfolk OCunty, England, near the river Waverly.
p.5 - ForwardTHE SHERMAN ARMS AND MOTTO
Shield: Or, a Lion rampant sable between three oak leaves vert.
Crest (Yaxley) : A Sea Lion sejant per pale or and argent, gutte de poix, finned of the first.
Crest (Dedham) : A demi-lion rampant sable.
Motto: Virtute mortem vincere (conquer death by bravery).
p. 5 - ForwardSherman Lines in America
Prior to 1700
1634:1 : Rev. John (p. 19): many descendants, set forth in this Genealogy.
1634:2 : Hon. Samuel (p. 7) rev. John’s brother : many descendants ; among them Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman.
1634: 3: Capt. John (p. 7) Rev. John’s cousin: many descendants; among them Roger Sherman, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1634: 4: Phillipp (p. 9) Rev. John's cousin: many descendants.
1634: 5: Samuel (p. 9) Phillipp's brother: many descendants.
All the above five men were greatgrandsons of Henry (p. 12).
1632: 6: William, probably of Northamptonshire, England. Came to Plymouth, Mass., about 1632; settled at Marshfield; buried there October 25, 1679; left descendants.
The ancestors and descendants of the following are unknown :
1634?: 7: Richard, of Dedham, uncle of Rev. John; died May 20, 1660, at Boston (p. 16).
1634: 8 : Thomas, who sailed February 17, 1634, in ship "Hopewell," from London for New England.
1636: 9: Joseph, settled at Wethersfield, Conn.
1643 : 10: James, settled in Virginia.
1650 : 11: Edmund, settled in Virginia.
1651: 12: Thomas, settled at Fairfield, Conn., and afterwards on Long Island, N. Y.
1652: 13: William, settled in Virginia.
1700?: 14: William, settled in New Jersey.
1700?: 15: Thomas, settled in New Jersey.
p. 7 – Forward
As to 2:  Hon. Samuel above:  He was the son of Edmund (p. 16) and was baptized July 12, 1618, at Dedham; went, with his father, to New England in 1634; was at Watertown, Mass., and Wethersfield, Conn., with his father; was afterwards at Stratford, Stamford and Fairfield, Conn.; married Mary Mitchell (daughter of Matthew Mitchell and Sarah Butterfield and sister of Jonathan Mitchell, of Cambridge, a Fellow of Harvard College: she was baptized October 14, 1621, at South Owram, Halifax, Yorkshire, England) ; was a leading man in the New Haven Colony, and a conspicuous member in the church, being Assistant from 1662 to 1665; in 1665 was a member of the committee to assist in putting the Colony in a position of defense against the enemy (the Dutch) from Stratford to Rye; died April 5, 1700, at Fairfield, Conn.; General William Tecumseh Sherman was one of his descendants.
As to 3: Capt. John, above: He was baptized September 3, 1612, at Great Horkesley, near Dedham; was son of John, baptized August 17, 1585, at Dedham, buried January 24, 1616, at Great Horkesley; who was son of Henry, born about 1547 at, probably, Dedham, buried August 28, 1610, at Dedham; who was son of Henry (p. 12). Soon after his father's death his mother married Thomas Rogers, with whom, and his half-sister Elizabeth Rogers, he came to Watertown, Mass., in 1634, with his cousin John (p. 19), where he was made Freeman May 17, 1637, and held many town offices, and was appointed Captain by the General Court June 11, IfiSC; Steward of Harvard College 1660; Deputy to General Court 1651, 1653, 1663: married, about 1637, Martha Palmer, daughter of William Palmer; died intestate January 25, 1690, at Water-town; seven children. He was the ancestor of Roger Sherman, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and of Thomas Townsend Sherman Esq., of New York, author of Sherman Genealogy (1920) the most complete yet published of the Sherman ancestry in England and of the Sherman lines of descent through Captain John and Hon. Samuel (from which he has very kindly allowed me to make extracts.—C. P. S.) p. 9 – Forward
As to 4: Phillipp, above: He was baptized February 15, 1611, at Dedham; was son of Samuel, baptized January 11, 1573, at Dedham, died 1616 at Ardleigh, Essex County; who was son of Henry, born about 1547 at, probably, Dedham, buried August 28, 1610, at Dedham; who was son of Henry (p. 12) : married Sarah Odding; went to New England in 1634; settled at Roxbury, Mass.; went to Rhode Island, and was one of the purchasers of Aquidneck on March 24, 1638; was Secretary of a regular government which the settlers established there July, 1639; died at Portsmouth March, 1687; thirteen children; ancestor of Prof. Frank Dempster Sherman, of Columbia University, New York, who died September 19, 1916, "and was the supreme authority on the genealogy of the various branches of the Sherman Family in America," (and who aided me with advice and facts during his lifetime.—C. P. S.)
As to 5 : Samuel, above: He was baptized October 20, 1601, at Dedham; was brother of Phillipp, above; married Grace ------------;  died at Boston, Mass., about 1643; four children.
p. 11 DIRECT LINE IN ENGLAND I:  THOMAS SHERMAN,
Cloth Mfr., born about 1443 at, probably, Diss (p. 5).
Married Agnes ----------
Children: 1. John (II p. 11): 2: Agnes.
Died 1492 or 1493; Will, in Latin, dated November 4, 1492; proved April 4, 1493.
He lived at Diss, and then at Yaxley (p. 4) and was one of the notable men of both places.  (lineage is, of course, traced backwards.  The present tracing stopped at Thomas. – C. P. S.) II: JOHN SHERMAN,
Cloth Mfr., son of Thomas I (p. 11):
Married Agnes Fuller, daughter of Thomas Fuller.
Children: 1: Thomas (III p.12):  2: Margery.
Died 1504: Will dated August 10, 1504; proved December 12, 1504.  He lived at Yaxley (p.4).
p. 12 III: THOMAS SHERMAN,
Son of John II (p. 11) : Born about 1490 at, probably, Yaxley (p. 4).
Married, about 1512, Jane Waller, daughter of John Waller, of Wortham  and Margaret Thorolde, of Thornham, Suffolk County.
Children: 4: Henry (IV p. 12) and eight others.
Died in 1551, after May 5; Will dated January 20, 1550-1, proved at London November 16. 1551.
He was "a man forceful and interesting, of ability and influence"; was Church warden of Yaxley Parish; Deputy Sheriff of Suffolk County; Attorney at Law of the Courts of Common Pleas and of
Kings Bench; was Lord of the Manors of Royden Presingham and Diss in Norfolk, and Eye and Lye Hall in Suffolk.
p12 IV; HENRY SHERMAN,
Son of Thomas III (p. 12) : Born about 1520 at, probably, Yaxley
Married (1) Agnes (probably) Butter, who was buried October 14, 1580, at Dedham (p. 4).
Married (2) June 5, 1581, at Dedham, Marion Smyth Willson, widow of Edmund Willson: no children.
Married (3) Margery -------------: no children.
Children, by first wife: 3 : Henry (pp. 8 and 9): 4: Edmund (V p. 14) and seven others.
Died 1590: Will dated January 20, 1589-90, "in the twoe and thirtieth yere of the raigne of oure soveraigne Ladie Quene Elizabeth"; proved July 25, 1590.
He lived at Dedham (p. 4) and then at Colchester. His Will contains the following :
"Ffirste: I bequeathe my soule into the hands of Almightie God my maker, acknowledging Jesus the sonne of the lyvinge God my only Savyoure and Redeemer by whose pretious blood shedding all my synnes are washed awaye, which hath satisfyed the wrathe of God the father, and I by his merittes and by noe other means shall enherite the Kingdome prepared for the faithefull. I acknowledge the holie ghost the god of com forte which hath sealed me up to the everlastinge covenante of eternall joyes.
"My Bodie I commit to the earthe from whence yt came to be buried in the parishe churche of Dedham."
"Item: I will to the poore of Dedham twentie pounde to be a contynewall stocke for the poore to the worlde's ende and the use and benefit of it to go to the poore."
"Item: I will and bequeathe unto Henry Shearman my sonne my shearman's crafte to hym and his heires for ever."
His Will was signed "Henry Shearman."
He was the great-grandfather of Rev.  John and Samuel his brother, Captain John, Phillip and Samuel his brother, ancestors of most of the Shermans in the United States (p. 5)
p14 V: EDMUND SHERMAN,
Son of Henry, IV (p. 12) :Born about 1548, at, probably, Dedham (p. 4).
Married (1) April 25, 1570, at Dedham, Anne Pelatte; buried June 8, 1.-.S4, at Dedham.
Married (2) September 11, 1584, at Dedham, Anne Clere, daughter of Nicholas Clere, of Colchester, Essex County, cloth manufacturer, Alderman, elected Member of Parliament March 23, 1576, and again in 1578.
Fourteen children (p. 16).
Buried December 22, 1600, at Dedham.
By his Will, dated August 1, 1599, codicil dated December 20, 1600, proved April 30, 1601, he gave to his son Edmund certain houses and lands, "and my sherman's occupation": also, "after my sister's death, I give the field and tenement before given unto her during life, unto the Governors of the Public Grammar School in Dedham, to be improved for a dwelling house for a schoolmaster": also authorized his son Edmund, and his heirs forever, to appoint a poor child to be freely taught by the Schoolmaster of the Public Grammar School in Dedham.
(When I saw it on August 10, 1904, that "dwelling house for a schoolmaster" was still occupied by the schoolmaster; was called Sherman Hall; had a sun dial on its front wall; was in excellent repair, and was situate in the centre of Dedham on the principal street.—C. P. S.)
Children Of Edmund Sherman (p. 14) by first wife, 2 : Edmund (VI p. 16) : 4: Richard (p. 6), and five others: By second wife, 14: Mary, baptized March 20, 1399, at Dedham; married 1619 Andrew Bacon; went to New England: and six others.
P 16VI: EDMUND SHERMAN,
Son of Edmund V (p. 14): Born about 1572 at Dedham.
Married, about 1597, Joan Makin, daughter of Tobias Makin, of Fingringhoe.
Ten children (p. 17) :
Died, 1641, at New Haven, Conn. “ 3’d Mo. 1641: An Inventory and Will of Olde Father Shirman was delivered into Court.” (New Haven Colony Records, Vol. 1, p. 52) : Will and Inventory cannot be found.
He inherited from his father lands, property and the cloth manufactory; and sent his son John to Immanuel College, Cambridge: but, being a Puritan, he was so persecuted by the Established Church, that he left all, and fled, with some townsmen, to New England, where he could worship according to the dictates of his conscience, taking with him his sons Edmund, John and Samuel, and his daughters Hester and Grace, and John the grandson of his uncle Henry.
They sailed from Ipswich, in the ship “Elizabeth”, the last of April , 1634 for New England, and arrived at Watertown, Mass., in June.  He went from there to Wethersfield, Conn., and then to New Haven, Conn., where he died.  As his wife is not mentioned, it is probable that she died at Dedham before 1634, as her last child was born in 1620.
Children of Edmund Sherman:
1:  Edmund, baptized October 23, 1599; married (1) ________; went with his father to New England; was admitted Freeman at Watertown May 25, 1636; Selectman 1636; returned to Dedham; married (2) as a widower, December 9 1656, at Bilston, Grace Stevens, of Stratford, Essex County; three children; was a cloth manufacturer; died 1673; Will dated April 11, 1673, proved May 28, 1673.
4: Hester, baptized April 1, 1606, at Dedham; married either in England or New England, Andrew Warde, who was admitted Freeman at Watertown, Mass., May 14, 1634, and was a Magistrate in Wethersfield, Conn., in 1636, and was in Stamford, Conn., in 1642, and in Fairfield, Conn., 1651, where he died in 1659 : In 1636 he was appointed by the General Court of Massachusetts one of eight men to govern the Colony of Connectieut for one year: she died in Fairfield, her Will being dated December 27, 1665, and proved February 28, 1666.
7: John (VII p. 19).
8: Grace, baptized June 18, 1616, at Dedham; married John Livermore; died January 14, 1690, at Chelmsford, Mass.
9: Samuel (p.7)
Five other children, who were all baptized at Dedham and probably died there.
p.19DIRECT LINES IN AMERICA  VII: JOHN SHERMAN, Minister,
Son of Edmund VI (p. 16).
Born December 26, 1613, at Dedham (p. 4).
Married (1) Mary , who died September 8, 1644, at Milford, Conn. (Records of First Church, Milford, pp. 3 and 5):
Married (2) Mary Launce, who died March 9, 1710, at Watertown, Mass. (Bond's Watertown, p. 432). Cotton Mather says, in his Magnolia (1702), that she was the daughter of the daughter of "Lord Darcy, who was Earl of Rivers," and that her father, "a Puritan gentleman" of Cornwall, England, was murdered in a dispute "against the English Episcopy."
Children: four by first wife and ten by second (p. 23) :
Died August 8, 1685, at Watertown, Mass. His Will was dated August 6, 1685, and proved October 6, 1685.
He was educated at Immanuel College, Cambridge, England; but, being, like his father, Edmund Sherman, a Puritan, "when his turn came to graduate, he seriously considered the subscription required of him," and refused, and "went away under the persecuted character of a College Puritan." (My father, Byron Sherman, told me that he saw his name, as a student, on the Rolls of Immanuel College.—C. P. S.)
With his father and family (p. 17) he sailed from Ipswich, England, in the ship "Elizabeth," "the last of April, 1634," for New England, arriving at Watertown, Mass., in June, being then but twenty years old.
There, "under a tree," he "preached his first sermon, as an assistant unto Mr. Phillips, there being present many other divines, who wondered exceedingly to hear a subject so accurately and excellently handled by one that had never performed any such public exercise."
He was dismissed, May 29, 1635, from the church at Watertown to Wethersfield, in the New Haven Colony, to form there, with others, a new church. He remained there until May 7, 1640, when he was "freed from watching"; after which he was called to the church at Milford, Conn., and was installed there November 8, 1640.
The General Court of New Haven Colony, on November 24, 1640, designated him as one of five men chosen by it to be Magistrates of the Colony.
He was dismissed from the church at Milford November 8, 1647, and, Mr. Phillips having died, was called to the church at Watertown, Mass., becoming its third pastor; and was admitted Freeman of that town May 19, 1669.
He was chosen a Fellow of Harvard College, at Cambridge, Mass., lecturing "for more than thirty years."
He was a mathematician and an astronomer, and published, from time to time, an Almanac, which went "into almost every cottage of the wilderness."
Cotton Mather, in his Magnolia, (1702), besides the above quotations, says of him : "He was witty and yet wise, and grave, carrying a majesty in his very countenance; and much visited for counsel, in weighty cases; and when he delivered his judgment in any matter, there was little or nothing to be spoken by others after him. * * * Such keenness of wit, such soundness of judgment, such fullness of matter, and such vigor of language, is rarely seen in old age, as was to be seen in him, when he was old. * * *
The last sermon which he ever preached was at Sudbury, from Eph. II, 8: 'By grace ye are saved': wherein he so displayed the riches of the free grace expressed in our salvation, as to fill his hearers with admiration. Being thus at Sudbury, he was taken sick of an intermitting but malignant fever; which yet abated, that he found opportunity to return unto his own house at Water Town. But his fever then renewing upon him, it prevailed so far, that he soon expired his holy soul; which he did with expressions of abundant faith, joy and resignation, on a Saturday evening, entering on his eternal Sabbath, August 8, 1685, aged seventy-two."
He was buried at East Watertown, Mass.: the following is a translation of the Latin inscription on his tomb:
"Sacred to the memory of John Sherman, a man distinguished for his piety, character and truth; a profound theologian ; as a preacher a veritable Chrysostom; unsurpassed in his knowledge of the liberal arts, particularly mathematics; a faithful pastor of the church of Water Town in New England; an Overseer and
Fellow of Harvard College. After a life of faithful service to Christ in the church for upwards of 45 years, in the fullness of time he passed away and received from Christ the palm of victory. In the 72nd year of his age, August 8, A. D. 1685."
Children Of Rev. John Sherman (p. 19): By first wife:
1: Mary: married (1) November 27, 1656, Henry Freeman, of Watertown; (2) Lewis Allen.
2: Bezaleel: born 1640; B. A. Harvard 1661; Merchant in Madras, where he died 1685, leaving a widow and a daughter.
3: Daniel: born March 16, 1642; sea captain; married September, 1664, Abijah Street; eight children; died 1716.
4: Samuel: born April 14, 1644.
5: Abigail: born February 1, 1648; married August 8, 1664, Rev. Samuel Willard; six children; died 1685.
By second wife:
6: James (VIII p. 24).
7: Joanna: born September 3, 1652; died young.
8 : Abijah: died prior to 1702.
9 : Elizabeth: married July 20, 1687, at Concord, Samuel Gaskitt.
10: Mary: born March 5, 1657; married May 27, 1679, Ellis Barron, Jr.
11: Grace: born March 10, 1659; died after 1712.
12 : John: born March 17, 1660.
13 : Hester: died August 25, 1688.
14: Mercy: married April 4, 1700, Samuel Barnard; four children.